The 2016-17 Bundesliga was the 54th season of the Bundesliga competition, the top level of domestic competition for German association football clubs. The competition featured 18 teams and ran from August 2016 until May of 2017.

Bayern Munich entered as the defending champion having won four straight titles. Freiburg, Leipzig and Nurnburg entered as the teams promoted from 2. Bundesliga.

Bayern Munich won an unprecedented fifth straight Bundesliga title under first-year manager Carlo Ancelotti as part of the club's second continental treble, building on their already club-best record of four straight domestic honors. Borussia Dortmund placed second for a second straight year, and like in the previous competition closed nearly twenty points above the third-placed team. Schalke 04 and Bayer Leverkusen placed third and fourth, respectively, to qualify for Champions League football. Hertha BSC finished fifth while Mainz 05 finished sixth. Thanks to Bayern's win in the DFB-Pokal over Schalke, seventh-place Wolfsburg qualified for the Europa League in addition to Hertha and Mainz.

Robert Lewandowski won a second straight goalscoring title and was named Player of the Year, while Ancelotti was named Manager of the Year and became the first Italian manager to win the Bundesliga.