The 2016-17 Serie A competition was the __th edition of the top-flight domestic club football competition in Italy. Juventus entered the year as the defending five-time champion, having tied their run of domestic success in the 1930s.

Juventus' bid for an unprecedented 6th consecutive scudetto was foiled as they placed second to AS Roma by four points, drawing their three of their last four matches as Roma won their last five in a row to leapfrog from fourth to first in the closing weeks of the competition after Juventus had led nearly the entire year, often by close to double digits. Napoli placed third, while Inter Milan came fourth for a Europa League group stage berth and Fiorentina came fifth for the other Europa League berth. Lazio's victory in the Coppa Italia sent it to the Europa League as well. Torino, Palermo and Bologna were relegated to Serie B.